Category Archives: God

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Do Christians & Muslims worship the same God?

Let’s be clear so there is no confusion – the answer is yes and no.

Yes

On the ‘yes’ side, we have the type of God, intention and Abraham, and the Quran. First, Christianity and Islam are monotheistic religions, teaching that there is only one God. While monotheists may have different ideas about God, their concept of God being one is still the same. Therefore, Christians and Muslims worship the same type of God. Second, Christians and Muslims intend to worship the same God. Since both are monotheist, there is only one God to worship. In addition, both reference they worship the God of Abraham. Third, the Quran teaches that Jews, Christians, and Muslims worship the same God. The Quran states in reference to those given the Book (Jews and Christians), “…our God and your God is One, and unto Him we surrender…” (29:46).

No

On the ‘no’ side is the attributes of God defined in the Bible and the Quran. Just because two monotheistic religions teach about the same type of God does not mean they are talking about the same God. For example, if a husband talks about his wife by name but gets many of her attributes wrong (tall when she’s short, blond when she’s brunet, white when she’s black), then he is really talking about a different woman. His description simply does not match the actual person who is his wife. Now the list of differences between the God of the Bible and the Quran is lengthy, but here are a few examples. In the Bible, God loves all people, including unbelievers: “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life” (John 3:16). In the Quran, Allah does not love unbelievers: “…He does not love the unbelievers” (30:45). In the Bible, Jesus forgives sins: “If we confess our sins, He [Jesus] is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness” (1 John 1:9). This verses associates Jesus with God because both Christians and Muslims understand that only God can forgive sins. In the Quran, Allah does not forgive those who associate Jesus with him: “Surely Allah does not forgive that anything should be associated with Him,…” (4:48). In the Bible, Jesus is the Son of God: “…This is My beloved Son, listen to Him!” (Mark 9:7). In the Quran, Jesus is not the Son of God: “… Allah, Who has not taken a son…” (17:111). These contradictions preclude the God of Christianity and Islam being the same.

Conclusion

While the Quran teaches that Christians and Muslims worship the same God, it also teaches they worship different gods. It is clear due to the differences in the attributes of God that Christians and Muslims do not worship the same Creator.

creation finger of god

If God created everything, who created God?

This is a valid question for anyone with a finite concept of God. But for the Christian concept of God it is a non-question because He is infinite. By definition an infinite is unlimited and cannot have a beginning or end. This is the point of the cosmological argument for the existence of God, although the way it is normally worded only implies the infinite concept and leads to a lot of confusion. So I’ll try to state it more clearly and mix in some bonus material:

1. Every finite effect needs a cause.
2. The universe is a finite effect.
3. Therefore, the universe has a cause.
4. This cause cannot be finite or it too would need a cause.
5. Therefore, the cause of the universe must be infinite.
6. This infinite cause cannot be material, for all material is limited by space and time (and therefore finite).
7. Therefore, the infinite cause of the universe must be immaterial, such as a spirit.
8. Every finite effect needs not just a cause but an adequate cause.
9. So not only must the cause of the universe be infinite and immaterial, but also exhibit the necessary attributes to account for the effects we see in the universe, such as: a mind to account for logic, rationality, and the personal decision to create the universe; extremely powerful; ethics to ground morality; life to produce life; etc.

What about many universes? There cannot be an infinite number of finite universes, so there still needs to be an infinite, immaterial cause.